Managing Innovative Thinking + Design

Monday, February 26, 2007

Core Competency

Core competency


Monday, February 19, 2007

Design Leadership

Design Leadership

[PDF] Meeting the Challenges of Design Leadership

Design Leadership

Cross-pollinating design and management

[PDF] P I Introduction to Organizational Leadership, Financial ...

Sunday, January 28, 2007

Design Inquiries

DESIGN INQUIRIES - The Second Nordic Design Research Conference

May 27-30 2007 at Konstfack Stockholm Sweden

How can we understand the impact of design for people, companies and society?
How can we provide design practice with appropriate and inspiring knowledge and ideas?
How can we use critical and constructive design thinking to create new possibilities for the future?

Design is here understood as a family of practices creating new products, systems and environments. The family resemblance is based on the skilful handling of complex demands, restrictions and technologies to fit different cultural contexts by use of intuitive and heuristic methods as stepping-stones to innovative solutions.

The conference is organized by NORDES (, an open network that started with the first Nordic Design Research Conference, In the Making, in Copenhagen 2005. The conference had over 200 participants and accepted more than 100 papers, ranging from inquiries on new forms of materiality and interaction design through design history to issues in design education. NORDES has also arranged a Summer School in Helsinki in September 2006. NORDES will continue organizing bi-annual conferences and summer schools and also promote publication and dissemination of design research through the NORDES Digital Archive.
We invite contributions based on critical, empirical and constructive design research. Three kinds of contributions are welcome:
Full papers, max 10 pages, presenting new and original knowledge based on research of good quality Exploratory papers, 4-6 pages, presenting early observations, ideas for new research or analysed design cases
Student papers, 4-6 pages, presenting ideas and results from advanced student work
Models, prototypes and other physical or digital results of design or artistic work are welcome as part of all three kinds of contributions. Arrangements will be made so that those results can be exposed in connection with the paper presentations.

A template for formatting the papers is available early December at Each submission will be peer-reviewed. Some full papers will be presented and discussed in one of four plenary sessions. Other full papers and exploratory papers will be presented in 3-5 parallel sessions. Student papers will be presented in a doctoral colloquium on Sunday May 27.
Deadline for submissions is February 1st, 2007

As Design Research is a fairly new practice based on different design practices and on theories and methods from many disciplines the conference will be open to many kinds of contributions.

The range includes, but is not restricted to:
Inquiries about Design ­ studies of design processes, artefacts and design as phenomena based on theories and methods from disciplines such as Sociology, History, Philosophy and Management.

Inquiries for Design and for Design Education ­ studies from within a design perspective aiming at a more profound theoretical understanding and articulation of the processes, a better integration of different kinds of knowledge, more sophisticated evaluation methods and improved artistic means.

Inquiries through Design ­ studies that use critical design thinking and design competence to explore, develop and realize potentials and possibilities in real-life situations to enhance considerations about the future.

Important dates
Deadline for Submissions ­ February 5 2007
Notification to authors ­ March 9 2007
Final papers submission ­ April 4 2007

For more detailed information about submissions see
Contact:Conference ChairProf. Peter
Emerging Trends in Design Research

Call for Papers
The International Association of Societies of Design Research (IASDR) will have a conference 11-15 November, 2007 at The Hong Kong Polytechnic University. This is a large, international design research conference with an intensive and high quality programme. Keynote speakers will be invited from other disciplines–the social sciences, computing, and business, for example. Multiple paths through the papers will be suggested to help participants find synergies among people and papers. Ample time will be available for informal meeting and discussion. Please consider your research interests in terms of the following description and consult your calendar for availability.

Emerging Trends in Design Research
Design Research is becoming more acceptable as a knowledge resource in collaborative actions, in practical applications, in building scholarly foundations for the discipline, and in post-graduate programmes worldwide. Some research follows well-worn paths of investigation and development, and some research strikes out into new territories of disciplinary overlap, technology development and application, large system dynamics, difficult to solve social problems, fundamental knowledge development, or needs for better processes or methods. Emerging Trends is particularly interested in design research explorations that respond to our changing life context, globally, locally, economically, educationally, socially, technologically, and particularly through design research interventions. The following list presents some ideas that signal emergent trends, but it is not inclusive. Your work might be located on the list or expand it. We are interested in ideas emerging now that will influence future developments.

Here are some emerging topics.
Design Process issues:- identifying the limits of user research- making collaborative decisions- managing information resources- evaluating innovation potential- exploring multimedia and multimodality
Design Research issues:- developing collaborative research strategies- exploring digital convergence- managing multiple problem/solution perspectives- translating research findings to design action- communicating research findings effectively- creating research community- developing new research methods- funding basic research in design
Design Education issues:- blending art and science- identifying fundamental knowledge for design- creating distance learning approaches for design- exploring industry-academia research partnerships- developing quality assurance for design education
Social issues:- controlling privacy- controlling environmental degradation- supporting human equality- supporting development in undeveloped regions- changing human behavior

The schedule for abstract and paper submission is as follows:
February 27 Abstracts deadline
March 26 Paper selection & invitation
June 1 Full paper due
August 1 Review back to author
September 1 Complete paper
Review Process for Full Papers
Abstracts are limited to 400 words and a bibliography. Full papers are limited to 6,000 words. Two appropriate reviewers in a double blind process will review the abstract. Invitation to submit a full paper will be accompanied by reviewer comments and suggestions. Every attempt will be made to use one of the original reviewers to read and comment on the resulting full paper draft. This set of comments will be sent to the author to help polish the paper for final submission.

Poster Proposals
Poster proposals are limited to 200 words. A small committee will review poster proposals and respond to authors regarding suitability, sharing any suggestions or comments. The minimum poster size is one vertical A0 (841mm wide x 1189mm high) and the maximum is two vertical A0 (side by side). More detailed specifications for the poster will follow in subsequent mailings.

IASDR 2007 Conference Committee
Prof. Lorraine Justice, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University
Prof. Sharon Poggenpohl, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University
Prof. Lin-Lin Chen, National Taiwan University of Science andTechnology
Prof. Nigel Cross, The Open University
Prof. David Durling, Middlesex University
Prof. Ming-Chyuan Ho, National Yunlin University of Science and Technology
Prof. Kun-Pyo Lee, KAIST, Korea
Prof. Soon-Jong Lee, Seoul National University
Prof. Kazuo Sugiyama, Chiba University
Prof. Toshimasa Yamanaka, University of Tsukuba

As an interim accommodation, contact for further information and watch for the official website release in January.
See also:

Tuesday, January 09, 2007

Situated Research

Situated Research (18.14MB)

Sunday, January 07, 2007

People-Centred Design


[PDF] People-Centred Design

[PDF] Google Product Development/Management Process

[PDF] The Xbox 360 Uncloaked
People-Centered Research

Insights from "Thoughtless Acts"
Nov 21 Bill Buxton, Principal Researcher at Microsoft Research,
talks on "Sketching and Experience Design" at the November 2006
Boston CHI meeting held at Sun Microsystems in Burlington, MA.

Monday, December 25, 2006

Websites & Readings for Design Researchers

Ten Top Websites for Researchers

As recommended by Darren Newbury (editor), The Research Training Initiative, Birmingham Institute of Art & Design
The UK Grad Programme
This site has a wealth of material on research skills, the development of research careers and so on. It is of use to research students and supervisors.
The United Kingdom National Academic Mailing List Service, JISCmail is the hosting service for electronic discussion lists across all subject areas. The website contains information on the many subject based lists and how to join them.
Kovacs Directory of Scholarly and Professional E-Conferences
An international database of professional and academic electronic discussion lists which can be searched by keyword.
National Postgraduate Committee
The website for the United Kingdom organisation for postgraduate students. The site contains useful information for students, discussion on postgraduate issues, as well as links to further resources and equivalent organisations in other countries.
Resource Discovery Network
This is an extensive catalogue of Internet resources for researchers across a wide range of subject areas. Includes online training modules in using the web as a research resource.
BUBL Information Service
This is very useful general information resource covering all academic subject areas.
The British Library
Includes a link to the online British Library Public Catalogue.
Only available to students based in UK institutions, this site allows you to set up an email alerting service for particular journals or user-defined keywords.
NISS: Information for Education
Very useful general information site, which links to the home pages and library catalogues of all higher education institutions in the UK. The sites also have information on higher education and links to web-based resources across the world.
First choice for an Internet search engine.The Internet is now so large and changes so rapidly that it is simply impossible to catalogue its contents across the art, design and media subject range.
Some library sites do a good job of listing subject-based resources (see for example the 'i page' at the London Institute, but even these will only cover a proportion of what is available. It is important for researchers themselves to learn to search the Internet effectively, and begin building up their own sets of useful websites based on their specific research interests.

Recommended Reading

Bauer, M.W. & Gaskell, G. (Eds.) (2000) Qualitative Researching with Text, Image and Sound: a practical handbook, Sage.
Biggs, M. (2000). ‘Foundations of practice-based research: proceedings of the research into practice conference’ [online]. Working Papers in Art and Design Volume 1. Available from URL:
Bohm, D. (1987), Unfolding Meaning: A Weekend of Dialogue with David Bohm, Routledge.
Booth, W. Colomb, G. and Williams, J. (1995) The Craft of Research, University of Chicago Press.
Braun, T. (2004) The Philosophy of Branding: Great philosophers think brands, Kogan Page
Brew, A., (2001), The Nature of Research. Inquiry in Academic Contexts, Routledge Falmer Research.
Brewer, J., Hunter, A. (1989) Multimethod Research: a synthesis of styles, Sage.
Brockbank, A. & McGill, I., (1998),‘Reflection and Reflective Practice’, in: Facilitating Reflective Learning in Higher Education, Open University Press, 700-88.
Brown, M. F. (1998) ‘Can culture be copyrighted?’ Current Anthropology, 39(2) 193-206.
Clark, K. (2004) Brandscendence: Three essential elements of enduring brands, Dearborn Trade Publishing
Crosby, J. V. (2000) Cycles, Trends & Turning Points, NTC Publishing Group
Cross, N. (ed.) (1984), Developments in Design Methodology. John Wiley & Sons.
Cross, N. (2001), ‘Designerly Ways of Knowing: Design Discipline Versus Design Science’, in: Design Issues Vol. 17, No.3.
Danvers, J.(1995), ‘The Knowing Body: Art as an Integrative System of Knowledge’, in: Journal for Art and Design Education, 14 (3), 289-97.
Denzin, N. K. and Lincoln, Y.S. (2003) The Landscape of Qualitative Research: Theories and Issues (2nd edition). Sage (Chapters 1, 6 and Part III) Lincoln Y.S. and Guba E.G. (2003).
Douglas, A. and Scopa, K. (2000) ‘Research through Practice: Positioning the Practitioner as Researcher’ in: Research into Practice, July 1999 –
Druckrey, T. (ed) (1996) Electronic Culture, Aperture.
Durling, D. (2002). ‘Discourses on research and the PhD in design’, in: Quality Assurance in Education, 10(2), 79-85.
Emmison, M. and Smith P. (2000), Researching the Visual: Images, Objects, Contexts and Interactions in Social and Cultural Inquiry, Sage
Evamy, M. (2003) World Without Words, Watson Guptill
Feyerabend, P. (1987), ‘Creativity’ and ‘Progress in Philosophy, the Sciences and the Arts’, in: Farewell to Reason. Verso.
Frayling, C.(1993), ‘Research in Art and Design’, in: Royal College of Art Research Papers 1.
Frisch, M. (1990) A Shared Authority: Essays on the Craft and Meaning of Oral and Public History, Albany, State University of New York Press.
Gell, A.(1998) ‘Art and Agency: an anthropological theory’, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Gladwell, M. (2004) Blink: The power of thinking without thinking
Gobé, M. (2001) Emotional Branding: The new paradigm for connecting brands to people, Allworth Press
Gray, C. (1995) Developing a Research Procedures Programme for Artists and Designers. Aberdeen: Centre for Research into Art and Design, Robert Gordon University.
Gray, C. and Malins, J. (1999) ‘The digital thesis: recent developments in practice-based PhD research in art and design’, in: Digital Creativity, 10 (1), 18-28.
Gray, C. and Pirie, I. (1995) ‘‘Artistic’ research procedure: research at the edge of chaos?’, in: Design Interfaces Conference, vol.3. Salford: The European Academy of Design, University of Salford.
Gray, C. and Malins, J. (2004) ‘Visualising Research’, Ashgate.
Graves, D. (2002), ‘Art as a Rational Activity’, in: Journal of Aesthetic Education, 36 (4), 1-14.
Grele, R. (ed.) (1985) Envelopes of Sound: the Art of Oral History, Chicago, Precedent, second edition.
Hamlyn, N. (2003) Film Art Phenomena, British Film Institute.
Harrild, A.; Frayling, C.; Painter, C. and Woodham, J. (1998), Transcript of Research Seminar on Practice-Based Doctorates in Creative and Performing Arts and Design, Surrey Institute of Art and Design.
Hill, D. (2003) Body of Truth, John Wiley & Sons.
Hill, P. (1995), ‘Is there a Doctor in the Art School?’, in: Arts Monthly Australia.
Hill, S. (2002) 60 Trends in 60 Minutes, John Wiley & Sons.
Jeamsinkul, C and Sawasdichai, N. (2002), ‘Perspectives on Building a Foundation for Design Research: Annotated Principles and Methods of Design Research List’. In: Visible Language, 2 (36) Helmer Poggenpohl.
Jones, J.C.(1992), Design Methods; Seeds of Human Futures, John Wiley & Sons.
Kazmierczak, E.T.(2003), ‘Design as Meaning Making: From Making Things to the Design of Thinking’, in: Design Issues 19(2).
Kiley, D. (2004) Driven: Inside BMW, John Wiley & Sons.
Kroes, P. (2002), ‘Design methodology and the nature of technical artefacts’, in: Design Studies 23.
Lamb, D. (1983), Discovery, Creativity and Problem Solving, Avebury.
Lawson, B. (1997), How Designers Think: The Design Process Demystified, London: Architectural Press, 3rd edition.
Lopiano-Misdom, J. and De Luca, J. (1998) Street Trends, Harper Business
McLeod, K. (c2000), ‘What would falsify an art practice? Research Degrees in Fine Art’, in: Broadside, University of Central England.
Marshall, S. (2006) Your PhD Companion, How to Books.
Mason, J. (2001), Researching your Own Practice: The Discipline of Noticing, Routledge Falmer.
Newbury, D. (1996), ‘Designing and Managing a Research Project’, in: Birmingham: The Research Training Initiative, University of Central England.
Newbury, D. (1996), ‘Knowledge and research in art and design’ in: Design Studies, 17(2), 215-219.
Newbury, D. (1996), ‘Research Perspectives in Art and Design’ in: Birmingham: The Research Training Initiative, University of Central England.
Olins, W. (2003) On Brand, Thames & Hudson.
Oxman, R.(2004), ‘Think-Maps: Teaching design thinking in design education’ in: Design Studies 25.
Perks R. and Thompson, P. (eds), (1998) The Oral History Reader, London, Routledge.
Phillips, E. (2005) How to Get a PhD: A Handbook for Students and Their Supervisors, Study Skills.
Polanyi, M. (1983), Tacit Dimension, Peter Smith.
Rieser, M. and Zapp, A. (eds.) (2002) New Screen Media, British Film Institute.
Riezebos, R. (2003) Brand Management: A theoretical and practical approach, FT Prentice Hall.
Robson, C. (2003), Real World Research: a resource for social scientists and practitioner researchers, Blackwell.
Rose, G. (2001), Visual Methodologies, Sage.
Roth, S. (1999), ‘The State of Design Research’ in: Design Issues 2 (2).
Rugg, G. (2004) The Unwritten Rules of Phd Research, Open University Press.Scheurich, J.J. (1997) ‘The Masks of Validity: A Deconstructive Investigation’ in: Research Method in the Postmodern, Routledge Falmer.
Schon, D. (1985), The Reflective Practitioner: How Professionals Think in Action, Arena.
Schon, D. (1990), Educating the Reflective Practitioner, Jossey Bass Willey.
Seago, A. (1995). ‘Research methods for MPhil and PhD students in art and design: contrasts and conflicts’ in: Royal College of Art Research Papers 1 (3), London: Royal College of Art.
Seago, A. and Dunne, A. (1999), ‘New Methodologies in Art and Design Research: The Object as Discourse’ in: Design Studies 15 (2).
Strandman, P. Ed. (1998), No Guru, No Method? Discussions on Art and Design Research. Helsinki: University of Art and Design Helsinki UIAH.
Stanley, N. (1998) Being ourselves for you: the global display of cultures. London: Middlesex University Press.
Tufte, E. (1997), Visual Explanations, Graphics Press.
von Stamm, B. (2002) The Innovation Wave: Addressing Future Challenges, John Wiley & Sons
Walliman, N. (2005) Your Research Project: A Step-by-Step Guide for the First-Time Researcher, Sage Publications.
Weibel, P and Shaw, J. (eds) (2003) Future Cinema – The Cinematic Imaginary After Film, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Weisberg, R.(1999), ‘Creativity and Knowledge: a Challenge to Theories’, in: Stemberg, R., ed., Handbook of Creativity, Cambridge University Press, 226-50.
Weth, von der, R. (1999), ‘Design Instinct? – the development of individual strategies’ in: Design Studies 20.
Williams, R. (1965), ‘The Creative Mind’, in: The Long Revolution, Penguin, 19-56.
Winter, R., Griffiths, M. and Green, K. (2000), ‘The ‘academic’ qualities of practice: what are the criteria for a practice-based PhD?’ in: Studies in Higher Education, 25(1): 25-37.
Wisker, G. (2001), The Postgraduate Research Handbook, Palgrave.
Young, J. (2001), Art and Knowledge, Routledge.
Zeisel, J. (1984), Inquiry by Design, Cambridge University Press.

For further reading suggestions go to:

Sunday, December 24, 2006

DRS Proceedings 2000

Doctoral Education in Design: Foundations for the Future

DRS Proceedings 2000

Session 1: Philosophies and theories of designThe character and epistemology of a field define its parameters. Exploring these issues will be a central issue of the next decade for doctoral education in design and for design research. We must articulate a philosophy of design that considers the general principles under which the phenomena of design are comprehended, explained, and structured. Session 1 addressed the central challenges in the philosophy of science and theory development for the field of design.

Design knowledge: context, content and continuity
Ken Friedman
Towards a poetics of designing
Keith Russell
Design as being in service
Harold Nelson & Erik Stolterman
Design and existential meaning
Jan Verwijnen
A philosophical home for design
Charles Owen
A meta-theoretical basis for design theory
Terence Love
Propositions of human-centeredness: A philosophy for design
Klaus Krippendorff
An interpretive-contextual framework for research in and through design
Jill Franz
Meanwhile, back on the ranch…
Cal Swann
The foundations of interaction design: Philosophy and the ecology of design culture
Richard Buchanan
Design and evolution
John Broadbent & Steve Harfield
Design as a discipline
Nigel Cross
Toward a philosophy of science for design research. An heuristic approach
Johan Olaisen & Ken Friedman
How design creates value: some elements of a research program
Tore Kristensen
Designing in a situated domain. Design competence as the result of context-specific sociotechnical relationships. The “Sistema Design Italia” case
Stefano Maffei & Francesco Zurlo
On reason and habit: An Aristotelian approach to design theory
Susan Stewart

Session 2: Foundations and methods of design researchThere is no single set of research methods for design research. A rich diversity of methods has been developed for the field of design and adapted from other fields with new methods under development. We have begun to examine the foundations of these methods for suitability and rigour. The simultaneous location of design research within natural science, social science, technology and the humanities poses unique challenges to the issue of method. Session 2 examined these issues and highlighted areas of strength and weakness in current method and directions for fruitful application.

Constructing knowledge of design, part 1: Understanding concepts in design research
Keiichi Sato
Constructing knowledge of design, part 2: Questions – an approach to design research
Sharon Helmer Poggenpohl
Research methods for design science research
John S Gero
The integrated conglomerate approach: A suggestion for a generic model of design research
Birger Sevaldson
Patterns of visual perception
Norman Sheehan
Pedagogy with primates: Exploring the craft of fieldwork and user-centered design through the study of animals and their environments
Christena Nippert-Eng
Some experiences in creating the foundation and methods of design research in Finland
Pirkko Anttila
Sokalled language theory: Lessons for the philosophy of science from urban design?
Marion Roberts & Fergus Carnegie
On method: the problem of objectivity
Michael A R Biggs
Knowledge of context and its benefits for design professions
Stephen Awoniyi
Researching designing: Cycles of design research
Robert Jerrard
Theoretical perspectives, design research and the PhD thesis
Terence Love
Complexity, uncertainty, adaptability: Reflections around design research
Silvia Pizzocaro

Session 3: Form and structure for the doctorate in designA doctorate in design may be awarded in several subject disciplines and involve a range of doctoral traditions. A central focus in the conference will be the Ph.D. Despite differences, there seems to be a common form to the Ph.D. project based on a written thesis with an oral defence. While issues in design research and doctoral traditions vary from field to field, there is strong consensus on issues of form and structure. Session 3 attempted to develop an international consensus statement on appropriate forms of Ph.D. study that will be useful at the local level while helping to develop the field across national boundaries. In addition to the Ph.D., the session also considered other forms of the doctorate. The session also attempted to establish international guidelines helpful to directors of doctoral programs and doctoral supervisors. Finally, the session considered issues of programme and department structure appropriate to the integrative and interdisciplinary nature of doctoral programmes in design.

A background to doctoral awards
Bruce Archer
Theoretical perspectives in the PhD thesis: How many?
Terence Love
Art and technology: A new unit?
Pelle Ehn & Carl Henrik Svenstedt
New structures of design education as basis for a doctoral thesis in design
Ralph Bruder
The development of research education and training in art and design: A personal view
Darren Newbury
Journeymen and salarymen; Design doctorates in Japan
John P. Shackleton & Kazuo Sugiyama
Not everything made of steel is a battleship
John Langrish
A turning point: The very first PhD program in industrial design in Taiwan
Kuohsiang Chen
Design in the UK: Some reflections on the emerging PhD
David Durling
Initiating an interdisciplinary doctoral program: Perspectives from a new program
Michael D. Kroelinger & Jacques R. Giard
Leading the field or behind the times? Doctoral research in typography and graphic communication
Sue Walker
Universities and design research
Vasco A. Branco, João Branco, Carlos Aguiar Pinto & Francisco Providência
Myth or reality: architectural research
Donald Dunbar
Form and structure of the doctorate in design: Prelude to a multilogue
Ken Friedman

Session 4: The relationship between practice and researchDesign integrates several fields with different research traditions and competing methodological claims. The relationship between theory and practice poses a challenging problem for doctoral education in design. Design disciplines such as engineering or computer systems have well-established doctoral traditions. Others, such as industrial design or information design, have hardly begun. The relationship between practice and theory is a challenge in established fields and new areas. This gives rise to debate on what is called ‘practice-based’ or ‘practice-led’ research. Session 4 addressed the general issue of the relationship between practice and theory and the specific issue of ‘practice-based’ research.

Problems and benefits of building a research-based design curriculum
Lorraine Justice
Towards the operationalisation of design research as reflection in and on action and practice
Stephen AR Scrivener
Knowledge and the artefact
Chris Rust, Scott Hawkins, Graham Whiteley, Adrian Wilson & James Roddis
Educating the practice-based researcher: Developing new environments for collaborative and constructive learning
Julian Malins & Carole Gray
Grounding research in practice
Sidney Newton & Tim Marshall
What could art learn from design, what might design learn from art? Some practice-based art doctorates
Beryl Graham
Activity theory in a “trading zone” for design research and practice
Judith Gregory
Design research and the wealth of nations. Reflections on the interaction of design research and national policies of research, innovation and industry
Pekka Korvenmaa
Triad collaboration between school, industry and government for bridging research and practice in design
Kun-Pyo Lee
Research by design
John Redmond
Artifact versus text in design research
Lars-Henrik Stahl
Experiencing architecture: From practice to research
Henrika Ojala
Cross-functional and inter-disciplinary integration for doctoral education in design: Theory and experience
Brynjulf Tellefsen